Travail et moyens de subsistence

Endangering women's health for profit: health and safety in Mexico's maquilodoras

Since the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was agreed, thousands of maquiladoras (assembly plants) have sprung up along the Mexican side of the Mexico/US border. Around a million workers are subject to violations of their human, labour, and health rights, the author argues, and this is a by-product of `free trade'. Abell advocates worker organising, appropriate training and access to information, and international solidarity, in order to avoid such abuses here and in the growing number of export processing zones (EPZs) around the world.
Auteur: 
Abell, Hilary
Page: 
9

Globalisation and women in India

Describing the way globalisation has affected India over the last decade, the author considers the impact of these changes on women, in the main areas of `development' due to globalisation: commercialisation, capitalisation, foreign trade orientation, and financialisation and industrial restructuring. She develops the point that the `skewed income and wealth' structure in India, and the gender discrimination suffered by women, has not altered in the face of the changes brought by globalisation: women continue to lose out, and are losing out more severely than before.
Auteur: 
Krishnaraj, Maithreyi
Page: 
7

Are universal social standards possible?

The author, the former president of Tanzania, answers this question resoundingly in the negative, arguing that while universal social principles may be possible, the inequity of wealth alone between countries means that social standards cannot currently be universally applied and adhered to. He goes on to argue that the equality of sovereign nations should be the basis for international economic, social, and political relations.
Auteur: 
Nyerere, Julius K.
Page: 
6

Alternative microfinance institutions and vulnerability

The author argues, using the example of microfinance institutions, that it is essential to build genuinely solid and alternative institutions if development is to take its direction from the poor and vulnerable. He sets out his view of the characteristics such institutions would have, and the vulnerabilities currently seen in microfinance institutions.
Auteur: 
Castillo, Alfonso
Page: 
11

Export processing zones: a Caribbean development dilemma

The author describes incentives used by governments to attract foreign investment and create export processing zones (EPZs), also known as special economic or free trade zones. The low cost of labour, mostly provided by women, is one of these incentives. Making special reference to Jamaica, Belize, and Barbados, the author discusses the impact of EPZs on the Caribbean, and the challenges facing small countries in the face of monopoly agreements.
Auteur: 
Dunn, Leith
Page: 
10

L'utilisation des ânes dans les plateaux du centre du Mexique: une perspective en fonction du genre

Une étude historique des modèles migratoires dans le centre du Mexique montre que les communautés rurales ont assisté à des changements au niveau des proportions démographiques ainsi qu'en ce qui concerne le type d'activités et de responsabilités assumées par les hommes et les femmes. Ceci a également affecté l'utilisation des animaux par les femmes, en particulier l'âne. Dans cette étude de cas de l'État du Mexique, l'utilisation de l'âne est analysée au moyen de la méthodologie de l'Évaluation rurale participative.
Auteur: 
von Keyserlingk
Page: 
5

Micro-financement, travail salarié et travail domestique: une analyse en fonction du ` genre'

Les programmes de micro-financement sont de plus en plus populaires au Bangladesh, et ils sont tout particulièrement réputés pour leur excellente rentabilité au profit des femmes qui empruntent de l'argent. Dans cet article, l'auteur examine le modèle d'utilisation des prêts des femmes qui ont un travail salarié et les bénéfices qu'elles tirent de ces emprunts. Elle y examine également les effets du travail salarié sur les relations entre les sexes. On constate que les femmes salariées accordent davantage de valeur au travail rémunéré qu'au crédit.
Auteur: 
Khan, Mahmuda Rahman
Page: 
4

Alternative financial institutions? Sustainability, development, social reproduction, and gender analysis

Many NGO financial institutions and co-operatives are, arguably, incorporating the rules and norms of banking which, as `alternative' institutions, they sought to avoid. Here, the author uses CARUNA (the National Savings and Credit Co-operative `Caja Rural', in Nicaragua) as a case study through which to discuss what makes a truly alternative financial institution, with a gender focus. These institutions should recognise the value of promoting `innovative services that support social reproduction and food security activities, and promote participation by and accountability to communities.'
Auteur: 
Kidder, Thalia
Page: 
12

Empowering rural women's groups for strengthening economic linkages: some Indian experiments

Describing two models for the development of informal women's groups in Orissa and Kerala, India, the author discusses how it is possible to avoid the `top-down management' and bureaucracy that often contribute to the failure of other schemes. Informal self-help groups in rural areas serve to empower women, and provide a basis for the provision of credit and other support for various production and income-generation activities.
Auteur: 
Rajagopal
Page: 
10

La violence masculine à l'encontre des femmes dans le Bangladesh rural: amoindrie ou exacerbée par les programmes de micro-crédit?

En utilisant des données tirées d'une récente étude ethnographique réalisée dans le Bangladesh rural et visant à examiner les rapports entre la violence masculine à l'encontre des femmes au sein du foyer, leur dépendance économique et sociale par rapport aux hommes et les programmes de micro-crédit, les auteurs de cet article suggèrent que les programmes de micro-crédit ont un effet variable sur la violence masculine à l'encontre des femmes. Ils peuvent réduire la vulnérabilité des femmes face à cette violence en renforçant leurs rôles et en rendant leur vie plus publique.
Auteur: 
Badal, Shamsul Huda
Auteur: 
Hashemi, Syed M
Auteur: 
Schuler, Sidney Ruth
Page: 
2
Syndicate content